Sixth generation computer
The period of the sixth generation is 2000 to the present. In the sixth generation, ULSI technology became UULSI (Ultra2 Large Scale Integration) technology, which led to the production of microprocessor chips with ten million electronic components. This generation is based on parallel processing hardware, nano technology, AI (artificial intelligence) software. AI is an emerging branch of computer science that interprets the means and method of making computers think like human beings. All high level languages like C#, Asp.net, Php, Android, Mobile computing etc. are used in this generation. People can do any job with the help of computer. Even people can also cook the food with the help of computer. Any job that people can do using a computer. The computer comes in the pocket or the palm of the hand. AI programmers started with basic reasoning algorithms and moved on to using probability and economic theories to help create the ability to solve more complex problems. Advances in fuzzy logic have introduced the ability to solve problems where there is no clear right or wrong answer. Although more complex problem solving is possible, the amount of computing power required increases exponentially when the solution is difficult. Research continues to find ways to make problem solving more efficient and less overwhelming. In the military, artificial intelligence has helped improve simulators to train soldiers for unexpected problems that arise in various peacekeeping missions around the world. Artificial intelligence is also prevalent in many of the world’s spy networks to help determine the likelihood of certain actions occurring in highly volatile parts of the world.
In the automotive industry, robots are used in manufacturing, but AI has crept into the vehicles themselves. From global positioning systems to warning the driver of potential danger ahead, artificial intelligence is present. Some cars can even apply a break or swerve the vehicle off the road if necessary. Artificial intelligence has also aided the development of voice recognition (VAR) software. Although unable to understand words, VAR allowed disabled people to speak into a microphone and see the words appear on the screen. Although people need to speak slowly and clearly for it to work properly, and it’s not 100% accurate, VAR is now also on many handheld devices. Being able to surf the web or send text messages has become easier than ever, and more improvements are to come.
AI includes −
• Neural Networks
• Playing games
• Development of expert systems for decision making in real situations
• Understanding and generating natural language
The main characteristics of the sixth generation are −
• UULSI technology
• Development of true artificial intelligence
• Development of natural language processing
• Advances in parallel processing
• Advances in nanotechnology
• More user-friendly interfaces with multimedia features
• Availability of very powerful and compact computers at lower prices.
Some types of computers of this generation are −
• Mobile phones
• Palm Top