How to choose the right belt

If you look in the mirror and the image you see does not completely satisfy you, and after further and careful analysis of your body you think that you are generally quite pretty, there are always some details in your figure that do not suit you “; then it’s time to solve it with the help of a belt.

The market offers a variety of body control harnesses and garments designed with different materials, colors and innovative features. This variety comes at a price, but it meets the shaping and styling needs that have been analyzed and classified in women and men.

The Colombian brand Co’Coon, a world leader and well known for its research and development of belts, models and control garments, using the latest technology, gives you some recommendations to buy correctly and get your belt with surprising results.

There are two main variables to consider when buying a belt:

1. The material

2. The area of ​​the body to be corrected

1. The material: Check the label to see the material they are made of, as each shaper has different elongation and compression characteristics.

– Comfort above all: If this is your first time using a belt, it is recommended to start with one of the seamless lines with medium compression, developed with a unique combination of lycra and nylon microfiber, for maximum softness and comfort.

– Define the abdomen: If you need to remove localized fat in the abdominal area, we recommend that you use a shaper with thermal advantages, one that has a latex band in the abdominal area and an inner cotton lining to absorb excess sweat. This advantage can be obtained in four different lines: Light, Thermoslim Seamless, Powertech and Extreme.

– Strong control with maximum comfort: If you want a garment with high compression, but want it to be soft to the touch and easy to use, then you really need to wear a belt from the Powertech line. This line provides exceptional mesh fabric in addition to the latex action of Rubberflex, which provides high shaping with reasonable compression.

– Maximum control: If you like to feel the pressure of strong control that usually contours and reduces 1 to 3 sizes instantly, then your best alternative is the shapers made with powernet. This strong short stretch mesh fabric allows the skin to breathe, making it ideal for post-operative cases. These shapers also have long lasting qualities with posture correcting features. You can find them in the Powernet, Power-Med and Extreme lines.

– Convenient with skin benefits: If you are always looking for products with added benefits, then a skin care line is the best option. These belts contour and enhance your figure with comfort and softness, plus the fabric is impregnated with nanocapsules such as seaweed, vitamin E, oats and milk and caffeine to provide skin benefits such as hydration, toning, nutrition, elasticity and localized reduction of the fats. Co’Coon also has the capsules in spray form to refill the stylers and continue these benefits while you own and wear the styler.

– No more cellulite: The reduction of cellulite without exhausting exercises and traditional diet is now possible with the help of belts and controlled clothes with the biocrystal technology. A big advantage is that the biocrystals or crystallized minerals are attached to the garment and are always present, providing benefits for the lifetime of the belt. And the best part is that they work!

Due to the variations in the contours and shapes of each woman’s body, not to forget the specific desired effect, Co’Coon designs various alternatives to shapers as described here. In general, girdles can be classified according to three types of intensity: low control for those who only need to improve their figure, half control to reduce sagging and high control to significantly reduce centimeters from their bodies.

2. The area of ​​the body to be adjusted: Knowing the desired level of compression, the next step is to decide on the correct shaper design. In general, women should target the area(s) of the body that they do not like and want to conceal, contour or reduce while looking in the mirror. With this in mind, Co’Coon recommends:

– To give a better shape to the torso, belts with medium/high back coverage should be used, they may or may not cover the chest, but should compress the waist and abdomen. Body belts or traditional ones are best to use. They are usually designed as a shirt with a belt under the bust and are available with or without straps (strapless). Some are designed as high-rise panties and corset-style belts. The biggest advantage is the bodies. They are intended for outdoor use and, depending on the design, work as a blouse or a top. Bodysuits are easy to combine with your current wardrobe to create a complete fashion outfit.

– For the lower body, shapers are designed as panties, shorts, capris and pants to trim the waist, tighten the tummy, reduce the size of the hips, shape the thighs and improve the overall shape of the legs.

– If you need to change the contours of your body, you can use a full body girdle (long or short), which reduces the size of the waist while slimming the abdomen, lower and middle back, hips and legs. Such girdles usually have a high level of compression and are recommended for use after surgery or after childbirth. They include butt-lifting benefits and just by wearing them, one can reduce one to three sizes.

– To enhance the silhouette comfortably, waist dresses are a great option, they come in both strapless and strappy, lift the bust, shape the thigh, mid and low tummy, reduce the size of the waist, back and sides while naturally enhancing the hips .

Apart from the advantages already mentioned, today’s body shapers also have the quality of correcting the posture, providing an elegant visual appearance while portraying an attractive and captivating youthful look. With the right dress and shoes, you can even look taller. For permanent benefits, we recommend daily use of these garments.

Source by Katerine De Jesus Castaneda

Types of engineering

space engineering

Aerospace engineers are involved in the design, analysis, construction, testing, and operation of aircraft, including airplanes, helicopters, rockets, and spacecraft. The course is based on the fundamentals of fluid dynamics, materials science, structural analysis, propulsion, aerospace design, automatic control and guidance, and computer software development.

agricultural engineering

With the increase in growth and associated industrial potential, Indian agriculture has now been given the status of an industry. The Agricultural and Food Engineering course aims to prepare engineering graduates to meet the demand for technical manpower in agricultural machinery development, land and water resource management, agricultural production and processed food production. To meet the current demand of the agri-food industry, the course has been suitably modified to include specialized training in design, development, testing and selection of tractors and farm implements, irrigation, drainage and watershed management using remote sensing and GIS; information technology, food, feed and fiber processing, use of biomass, by-products and waste in the production of biochemicals, fuels, manure and non-conventional energy. The course provides enough flexibility for students to gain experience in each of the three main areas of specialization namely Agricultural Energy and Machinery, Soil and Water Conservation Engineering and Food Process Engineering.


The aim of this program is to prepare students, both in theory and in practice, for leadership in the globally competitive fields of life science, pharmaceutical, biotechnology industry, academia and research. The program has been developed to meet the growing demand in these areas of industry and research. Students of this program will find unique work and research opportunities in biomedical engineering, drug design, bioinformatics, biotechnology, nano-biotechnology, genomics, etc. The course is designed to introduce biology as an experimental science, as opposed to the commonly held notion as a descriptive subject. Students will also find the application of a wide range of techniques in the physical, chemical and mathematical sciences to design, perform and interpret experiments in biology.

engineering chemistry

Chemical engineers work in various fields such as oil refining, fertilizer technology, food and agricultural processing, synthetic foods, petrochemicals, synthetic fibers, coal and mineral industries, and environmental pollution prevention and control. Chemical engineering deals with the development and improvement of processes, the design, construction, operation, management and safety of plants for these processes and research in these areas.

Civil engineering

The civil engineer deals with the planning, analysis, design, construction and maintenance of various facilities such as buildings, highways and railways, airports, waterways and canals, dams and power plants, water treatment and sewage disposal systems, quality control of the environment, docks and ports, bridges and tunnels. A civil engineer is also required to deal with critical issues of today such as disaster mitigation and management, construction of offshore structures for oil production,

engineering chemistry

Some chemical engineers design and invent new processes. Some construct tools and equipment. Some plan and manage facilities. Chemical engineers have helped develop atomic science, polymers, paper, dyes, drugs, plastics, fertilizers, foods, petrochemicals…just about everything. They figure out ways to make products from raw materials and ways to transform one material into another useful form. Chemical engineers can make processes more cost-effective or greener or more efficient. As you can see, a chemical engineer can find a niche in any science or engineering field.

mechanical engineering

Mechanical engineers design and develop everything you think of as a machine, from supersonic fighter jets to bicycles to toasters. And they influence the design of other products too – shoes, light bulbs and even doors. Many mechanical engineers specialize in fields such as manufacturing, robotics, automotive/transportation, and air conditioning. Others move into other disciplines, working on everything from artificial organs to the expanding field of nanotechnology. And some use their mechanical engineering degree as preparation for practicing medicine and law. A mechanical engineer may design a component, machine, system, or process. Mechanical engineers will analyze their design using the principles of motion, energy and force to ensure that the product functions safely, efficiently, reliably and can be manufactured at a competitive cost.

electrical engineering

Electrical engineering deals with the basic forms of energy that run our world. Whether it’s gas, hydro, turbine, fuel cell, solar, geothermal, or wind, electrical engineers deal with the distribution of that energy from its sources to our homes, factories, offices, hospitals, and schools. Electrical engineering also includes the exciting field of electronics and information technology. Do you have a cell phone or a computer? Wireless communications and the Internet are just a few areas that electrical engineering has helped to flourish through the development of better telephones, more powerful computers, and high-speed modems. As we enter the 21st century, the technology that surrounds us will continue to expand and electrical engineers are on the sidelines

electronics and communication engineering

Design, manufacture, maintenance, supervision and production of electronic equipment used in entertainment media, hospitals, the computer industry, communications and defense. Electronics engineers work with devices that use extremely small amounts of energy. They work with microprocessors, optical fibers and in telecommunications, television and radio.

production engineering

They deal with the integrated design and effective planning of the entire production system, which is becoming increasingly complex with the advent of sophisticated production methods and control systems. Job and Scope: Opportunities are available in public and private sector manufacturing organizations engaged in the implementation, development and management of new manufacturing processes, information and control systems and computer-controlled inspection, assembly and processing. Biomedical Engineering: Biomedical engineering (BME) is the application of engineering principles and techniques to the field of medicine. It combines engineering design and problem-solving skills with medical and biological sciences to help improve patient health care and people’s quality of life.

materials engineering

New materials have been among the greatest achievements of every age and have been central to the growth, prosperity, security and quality of life of humans since the beginning of history. Always new materials open the door to new technologies, whether in civil, chemical, construction, nuclear, aeronautical, agricultural, mechanical, biomedical or electrical engineering.

Source by Alexa Fast

Table Tennis Manufacturer Juic – Review of their most unique products

JUIC is one of Japan’s largest manufacturers of table tennis equipment, producing a wide range of top quality products that meet the needs of players of all skill levels, including some of the world’s best players.

The JUIC brand may not be as well known as some of the other major manufacturers, but they have been in business since 1970 and the quality of their goods is among the best in the world. JUIC has also shown real innovation over the years in the design and manufacture of new products, some of which were true breakthroughs in technology. This article describes some of the important innovations and unique products of JUIC…

JUIC Blades:

Starting with the offensive blade range, the Air Series balsa blades are high-speed, lightweight blades offering exceptional control and touch. JUIC offers the widest range of balsa wood blades and uses only high quality materials to manufacture their blades. Probably the two most famous and high in this series are:

JUIC Air Texa, an OFF+ rated blade weighing an impressive 72g and consisting of a thick center layer of balsa combined with two layers of texalium and two layers of Japanese Abachi wood.

JUIC Air-Large, a blade that is actually the new and improved version of the JUIC Air Carbon blade (which has been discontinued). It is also an OFF+ rated blade weighing 75g and consisting of a thick center layer of balsa combined with two layers of carbon fiber and two layers of Japanese Abachi wood. Both blades have an extremely soft feel due to the thick and soft inner balsa layer.

Then of course there is the JUIC KISO Hinoki blade, consisting of a single layer of high quality Japanese Kiso Hinoki wood. JUIC is one of the few companies that offers this type of blade with a shakehand handle. The power and feel of a single ply hinoki is felt to be believed…offers a soft touch and slow speed in the short game, but can generate great mid to long range power and can still generate good spin for added control .

JUIC also has the unique and innovative JUIC Shot series of blades. The JUIC Bamboo Shot and JUIC Maple Shot blades are unique among all table tennis blade manufacturers (at the time of writing) and offer a unique ball feel not found in other blades.

For a more versatile playing style for both offensive and defensive players, it’s hard to go past the JUIC Texalium blade. This blade offers a great touch and feel and is a truly versatile blade. It offers enough power to play in an offensive style, but still enough control and feel to play in defense or helicopter. With the right rubber selection, this blade can be used for any style of play.

JUIC also offers blades for modern defensive styles, the JUIC Euro Chopper and Euro Cut blades. These are big blades with a great soft feel, offering a chopper with extra reach and feel, but with plenty of power for a power loop or to retrieve the ball…

JUIC tires:

Although JUIC offers a wide range of tires to suit all levels and styles, they have some unique and innovative products that set them apart from other manufacturers.

The JUIC Couga tire is almost certainly their most famous tire. This rubber is without a doubt one of the fastest rubbers in the world, faster than many offensive rubbers even when stuck with speed! JUIC was one of the first (if not the first) to introduce Nano-Tech technology into both the top sheet and the tire sponge. This technology offers much better grip and a big increase in speed, but also durability. More recently, JUIC also introduced the JUIC Nano-Cannon, which also uses the same technology but is designed and optimized to produce a sharp arc of contours at high velocities.

JUIC also offers a range of high pressure mushroom tires, most notably the JUIC Varites and the Driva Smash Ultima tire. The highly elastic sheet and high tension sponge provide a boost in both spin and speed, perfect for players with a strong offensive style.

Another great JUIC innovation was combining a Chinese-style sticky top layer with a soft but powerful Japanese-style sponge, such as the JUIC Ultima sponges. The most highly regarded of these tires would be the JUIC 999 Elite Ultima, which uses a thin sticky topsheet (based on the design of the Globe 999 topsheet) with a soft and powerful Ultima sponge. This high voltage ultima sponge is also available on a range of their short bud erasers, the most notable being the JUIC Offensive Ultima.

Most recently, JUIC added the JUIC 999 Elite Nano – the world’s first sticky rubber with a nanotechnology sponge!

For defensive playing styles, JUIC offers JUIC Neo Anti and JUIC Leggy Defense. Neo Anti kills spin and absorbs the force of any incoming attack, but unlike most other anti-spin rubbers, the resilient surface of the top sheet and soft sponge still allows you to generate significant spin when you hit the ball harder… The protection of JUIC Leggy is a very dangerous and deceptive tire with long studs. The soft and grippy bud combined with a soft sponge is great for cutting off the table, providing great spin reversal and allowing for highly deceptive spin manipulation. The soft and grippy bud also allows you to attack serves and provides good offensive potential near the table.

JUIC accessories:

Although JUIC offers a wide range of table tennis accessories, their most famous has to be the JUIC Ecolo Expander II. It is a rubber treatment fluid that provides a speed and power boost to almost any sponge rubber sheet. Not only is it completely non-toxic and will not be affected by the upcoming ban on VOC-based speed glue. The treatment only needs to be done once, the effect lasts for many months, which at higher levels is usually for the life of the tire. Now in its 2nd generation, the much improved JUIC Ecolo Expander II is a true innovation in table tennis technology and there is nothing like it on the market right now. The JUIC Shenron rubber is specially designed and optimized for use with the Ecolo Expander for maximum adhesive speed. JUIC also provides a full range of cleaning products that are non-volatile and can be shipped safely by air.

This was an overview of JUIC’s most notable products. They have a much wider range of products than covered and are sure to have something to suit every style and requirement and probably at lower prices than their Japanese competitors.

Source by Alex Van

Enjoy free gifts and offers with Sony Ericsson Satio contract

In the world of mobile devices, Sony Ericsson has established itself as a leading manufacturer of mobile phones with the latest and most advanced features. It offers you an amazing and wonderful range of mobile phones where you can enjoy various amenities. Sony Ericsson Satio Contract offers you the latest Sony Ericsson Satio model which includes extra ordinary features like audio or video playback and photography. Some of its features are as follows:

  • Touch screen of 3.5 inches with TFT resistance and 360 x 640 pixels resolution
  • Micro SD memory card with a storage capacity of 128 MB
  • 12.1 MP camera with xenon flash and also offers video calling capability
  • Includes Java games, video streaming, You Tube and FM radio
  • Supports bluetooth and WI-Fi 802.11 b/g support with DLNA
  • Recognition of SMS, MMS, emails and RSS

Due to its multitasking features, it is very expensive and you might not be able to afford it, but with the Sony Ericsson Satio contract, you can get this mobile phone either for free or at an affordable price. Through contract deals, you can avail the mobile phone for a certain period of time with the plan you want.

You have to choose between different network providers before making a deal. After choosing the network, you have to sign a contract with a particular network for a certain period of time like 12 months, 18 months or 24 months. With this deal, you can get free talk time, text messages, etc. for which you have to pay some monthly rental charges. You can also enjoy various free gifts in this deal like:

  • Free iPod classic 160 GB
  • iPod nano
  • 32 inch LCD TV
  • laptops

Last but not least, you can also get a money back option in this deal if you are not satisfied with the plan.

Source by Criston Stewart

Namastrategy, A Long Term Strategy Based on Respect and Recognition

Namastrategy (noun) is derived from the words Namaste (Sanskrit), and Strategy (Greek). It is a long term plan of action, and a method of winning, that is based on respect and recognition for the value of partners and clients, in acquisition, merger, expansion, and diversification.

– Namaste (noun) is an Indian greeting as well as a gesture, indicating deep respect, often intended as recognition of the common divinity within another person. The same hands folded gesture is made wordlessly upon departure.

– Strategy (noun) is a Greek work that derives from the words stratos (army) and ago (leading). It is a careful long term plan of action or method designed to achieve a particular goal, most often “winning”. Strategy is differentiated are used to make problems easier to understand and solve. Strategy is about choice, which affects outcomes.

How quickly trends change in global capitalism. For a decade the mantra was a concern about losing US technology jobs to overseas outsourcing. The debate centered primarily on the value to consumers for low cost timely services in exchange for the perceived loss of jobs in the US. The predominant argument was related to the loss of jobs for Americans, as enterprising corporations took advantage of the lower cost of personnel in other countries. The decline of the US currency has created an even playing field, and in some cases it is less expensive to hire US employees than to pay for the same expertise overseas. As currency and global exchange continue to move toward balance, the real driving force will be pure business. The global economy is adjusting and balancing itself at a much more rapid pace than ever before, and it is gaining speed.

Is this really a new trend, or is it just another highly publicized manifestation of trends that have existed for generations? Previously, a much publicized shift occurred in the 70’s and 80’s as automobile manufacturing plants grew in Japan, and closed in Detroit. The once dramatic battle for domestic manufacturing dominance made a u-turn when Toyota began manufacturing quality automobiles in Kentucky. The Mitsubishi Motors manufacturing plant is located in Illinois, and the Nissan motor manufacturing plant is located in Tennessee. These companies discovered the advantages of local just in time manufacturing, with local suppliers, to avoid the tremendous logistics costs of moving materials and automobiles between continents. The financing, marketing, distribution, and other business segments of the operations likewise took advantage of local geographic presence in the US, and in Europe.

Similar trends occurred with the transition of consumer electronics. The very names of the brands are a telling tale of the trend. The generation of RCA and Zenith, was replaced by the generation of Sony, Hitachi, and Toshiba. The subsequent generation of consumer electronics manufacturing did little to change the brand names, but the factories moved to China, Taiwan, Philippines, and Korea. Another generation is emerging, one that is even less sensitive to brand names, but even more aware of the global economy. Domestic borders have less consequence to consumer demand than cost, quality, and availability. Each subsequent generation of manufacturing is more fluid and responsive than the previous generation. Each generation is more aware of supply chain, environment, market fluctuations, and consumer trends.

Are we really that much different than the time of the Roman Empire? As the Roman empire expanded, it frequently met resistance from local tribes. Although the upper classes of the conquered areas usually adjusted to the Roman way of life, the majority of the conquered population continued to live as they did before the Romans came to power. As a result, a mixture of Roman and native cultures coexisted easily in many regions. As the empire advanced, it assimilated technologies and theologies from nearly every region. As the empire expanded, it introduced the accumulation of acquired technologies to the people of the conquered lands. Roads, arches, water and waste management were improved, but not without some sacrifice. Many generations later, as communication, transportation, and technology continue to evolve, global information, education, and interaction is advancing at incredibly accelerating speed, and without the assistance of invading legions.

Successful modern expansion also requires assimilation and integration. Even as global economics and capitalism create a common marketplace, by contrast, cultural individualism has become increasingly diverse. Groups, communities, and individualism are no longer restrained to domestic or geographic demographics. MySpace, iTunes, social media, and social networking have created powerful communities and amazing forms of individual expression. As manufacturing and logistics must cope with globalization, so sales and marketing must cope with fluid social diversity and individualism. The market is much more dynamic than ever before, and this is just the beginning of the trend.

So, who is advancing effectively? Surprisingly, the culture that is adapting to the universal diversity of individualism is one that has, for thousands of years, honored the spirit in you which is also within me. As defined by Mahatma Gandhi, in India, when people meet and part they often say, Namaste, which means, “I honor the place within you where the entire universe resides. I honor the place within you of love, light, truth, and peace. I honor the place within you, where, when you are in that place in you, and I am in that place in me, we are one.” The Roman Empire assimilated portions of the local regional cultures, technologies, and trends, as it conquered and controlled new lands. Likewise, the culture of India is to acknowledge, embrace, and pay homage to the common divinity of each unique being. As India’s economy and business expands beyond it’s borders, it does not conquer, but rather embraces and enables partners and clients, respecting and protecting individual capabilities, while gently blending the strengths of each individual for the benefit of the collective good. In this example, the individual could be representative of a person, a region, a company, or an industry. Namastrategy pays homage to the divinity of the individual, organization, or region, even as it integrates diverse and dependent resources for collective benefit.

Bangalore based Wipro is evaluating several regions in the United Kingdom to employ 500 people, in addition to the 300 employed at the facility in Reading, England. This trend of hiring and expanding in local markets is sometimes referred to as ‘reverse off-shoring’, which would presume that the jobs would otherwise have been outsourced to another country. However, the move is really just another form of namastrategy. In exchange for bringing more local jobs to the United Kingdom, Wipro will enjoy government tax incentives linked to the jobs that they create, and they will have the added benefit of being an integral part of the local community. “We want a center where the general profile of the young girls and boys graduating there is of a nature where they would like to work in that area, they have family roots in that area, they come from a background which is comfortable in that area, and don’t necessarily want to migrate to the larger cities.” said Azim Premj, chairman of Wipro.

Consulting services represent just under 5% of Wipro’s $3.4 billion annual revenue, but the goal is to increase that amount to 15% of the annual revenue over the next five years. To accomplish this objective, Wipro is also committed to increase the number of local staff members in each region. Of the total 88,000 workforce, Wipro currently employs about 6,500 staff in Europe, including the United Kingdom. Wipro recently set up facilities to support US customers in Troy, Michigan and Atlanta, Georgia. When asked if onshore expansion and local recruitment at local western salary levels would increase cost and decrease the company profit margins, the chairman of Wipro was quick to point out that local billing would be commensurate for maintaining local employees. “The billing rates are completely different. They are much higher. So the profit per person you get from consultancy, if it’s well run, is higher than the profit per person which you get from the other businesses in the rest of Wipro Technologies.”

In many cases the global expansion is achieved by acquisition. In 2006, HTMT Global Solutions acquired AFFINA – The Customer Relations Company, a leading provider of inbound contact center services. HTMT is one of India’s premier customer solution providers, offering a wide range of contact center services, and business process outsourcing, to customized IT solutions. Based in Bangalore, HTMT is rated among the Top 5 Best Employers in the industry (Dataquest – IDC). How did HTMT demonstrate this reputation as Top 5 Best Employer when it acquired the Peoria, IL based AFFINA? Rather than redirect the calls to an offshore center, HTMT infused financial and personal interest to empower the Peoria based AFFINA operations. The astounding results can be measured in profound profit increases for both companies, enhanced capabilities, integrated expansion in US and overseas, and the inspired dedication of the workforce in all geographies. “AFFINA is a strategic fit into HTMT’s global vision. Through it’s experienced management team, diverse skills, and wide-spread network of delivery centers, HTMT is now poised to ramp up its operations in the growing American market. This will be a happy marriage of domain expertise, CRM capabilities and management skills,” said Mr. Partha Sarkar, CEO, HTMT.

In the last five years, Tata Group has expanded it’s influence from India into the global market by acquiring a diverse portfolio of businesses. In keeping with a proven trend, the Tata Group often maintains the prestigious brand name, brings resources to a beleaguered organization, embraces the existing employees, and invests in the local market for stunning success. Since 2003, the Tata Group has bought the truck unit of South Korea’s Daewoo Motors, a stake in one of Indonesia’s biggest coal mines, and steel mills in Singapore, Thailand, and Vietnam. By acquiring the Dutch-British steel giant, Corus Group, Tata Steel secured access to automakers across the US and Europe, immediately propelling the capacity fivefold, with mills in Pennsylvania and Ohio.

The strategic acquisitions of Daewoo, steel mills in Singapore, Thailand, Vietnam, Europe, Pennsylvania, and Ohio, were all precursors to the announcement of Tata Group’s acquisition of Jaguar, and Land Rover. In a landmark deal worth $2.3 billion, the India steel and motor company has become a marquee name in luxury automobiles. With unparalleled infrastructure for steel and production, the company is poised to polish the slightly tarnished reputation of the proud brands. As many as 40,000 jobs in the United Kingdom, mainly suppliers, depend on the Jaguar and Land Rover brands, as well as 16,000 direct employees. Tata Motors executives have expressed commitments to preserve jobs, and grow the business. “We have sought to keep management in place after we acquire a company,” Ratan Tata, chairman of Tata Motors said. “We pride ourselves on our ability to motivate management’s plans.”

In 2000, Tata Tea took over one of the United Kingdom’s biggest tea brands, Tetley Tea. To this day, no Tetley Tea directors or senior management have been asked to leave. On the contrary, Tata sent managers to work for Tetley in the UK, and to learn about tea buying, branding, and exporting into new markets. Tata has continued to invest in Tetley Tea, and enabled Tetley Tea to expand into new markets, including Pakistan and Bangladesh. “Experts say you have to slash, burn, cut, and we have not. People might say that it is foolish,” says R.K. Krishna Kumar, president and managing director of Tata Tea. “Sometimes acquisitions should have an equivalent impact on the acquiring company.”

How does Tata Group use this global expansion to fuel the development of economy and infrastructure in other regions of the world? In January, Tata Motors announced plans to build the Nano, a $2,500 “people’s car”. The inexpensive Nano was inspired by witnessing entire families being dangerously transported on motor scooters, a very common sight in developing countries. The goal is to introduce a vehicle so inexpensive that it will enable even economically challenged geographies to provide safe transportation for the entire family. The Nano resides at the absolute polar opposite end of the spectrum of luxury automobiles, but it may give some additional satisfaction to owners of Jaguars that, when they slip into an automobile that defines luxury, they are preserving jobs in the United Kingdom, and contributing to preserve lives in developing countries with safer modes of transportation.

Can it really be that good corporate citizenship is also good business? ZSL Inc certainly believes so. With headquarters in Chennai, India, and US headquarters in Edison, New Jersey, ZSL Inc has demonstrated phenomenal growth through expansion, acquisition, and diversification of the portfolio of offerings. However, the executives would tell you that the formula for success in much simpler than that. The executives would tell you that sustainable growth is achieved through loyalty, enabling clients, actively contributing to the community, and empowering partners. Growing the success of clients is the means of naturally growing success for ZSL. The current client base includes small and medium sized companies across a broad range of verticals, as well as respected leaders in Finance & Banking, Insurance, Life Sciences, Telecommunication, Retail, and Manufacturing.

ZSL ranked 275 for the year 2007 in the VAR Business 500, and was recognized as one of the 10 Fast Growth VARs to watch. Despite the accolades, the executives maintain a dedication to humility that is a reflection of the respect toward the divinity within every other person. To expand operations and support into the Consumer Electronics industry, the humble company recruited a volunteer advisory council of respected members from within the industry. The advisory council guides development of solutions that integrate the best practices from across all services. The role of the council is to provide leadership, guidance, and participate in design of architecture that unites multiple diverse systems through common platforms and applications. This approach enables each constituent to maintain the infrastructure and expertise of individual organizations, while simultaneously enabling each to communicate, update, perform, and report with valuable real time actionable data. ZSL openly respects the expertise of the diverse industry representatives and empowers them to lead the design of development, as ZSL take a supporting role to bring the vision to reality. Who benefits from these solutions? Everyone. “With our humble beginnings and modest approach, we are certain to make a difference for the good,” said Ananth Chaganty, Senior Vice President, Enterprise Solutions of ZSL Inc.


Words of Wisdom

“You must not lose faith in humanity. Humanity is an ocean, if a few drops of the ocean are dirty, the ocean does not become dirty.”

– Mahatma Gandhi

“I do not want my house to be walled in on all sides and my windows to be stuffed. I want the cultures of all lands to be blown about my house as freely as possible. But I refuse to be blown off my feet by any.”

– Mahatma Gandhi

“Happiness is when what you think, what you say, and what you do are in harmony.”

– Mahatma Gandhi

“You must be the change you want to see in the world.”

– Mahatma Gandhi


John Mehrmann is a freelance author and President of Executive Blueprints Inc., an organization devoted to improving business practices and developing human capital. John Mehrmann and Mitchell Simon are authors of The Trusted Advocate, the fundamental guide to achieving extraordinary sales and sustaining loyal customers. This revolutionary sales guide applies peak management techniques and leadership skills to the sales profession, showing you how to utilize authenticity and integrity in your sales to achieve maximum success.

Source by John Mehrmann

Treating and removing stains from designer bags

Are you worried about the offending stain that has ruined your expensive designer bag? Stains, marks, scratches and similar cosmetic damage to your bags should be treated accordingly based on the types of materials the bags are made of and the sources of the damage. The most common problems are color stains inadvertently transferred from clothing, make-up, food and drink stains, and pen ink marks. In this article, we will share with you some proven tips to restore your bag to its original pristine and flawless condition.


Examples: Coach Ergo Pieced Suede Tote, Coach Hamptons Suede Hobo, and Jimmy Choo Alex Suede.

Most stains on suede bags can be cleaned with a suede brush. If the stains refuse to go away, try brushing with a suede cleaner over rising steam from boiled water. You can also use a white pencil eraser to erase minor, dry marks. If your bag is Coach, it may have come with a half-pink, half-white block from your purchase. Quite a few Branded Bags for Less readers report that it’s effective in ridding their bags of unsightly stains, stains, and even mold from moisture. Just wet the block and rub it gently into the stain.

Note that you should never use stain removers that do not specifically state that they are intended for suede fabrics, as they can worsen the stain and cause irreparable damage!


Partial leather examples: Coach Carly Signature (fabric with leather trim), Louis Vuitton Monogram Canvas (canvas with leather trim), and Burberry Nova Check Shoulder Tote (canvas with leather trim).

Examples of full leather: Fendi Nappa Leather, Coach Legacy Leather, Coach Carly Leather, Louis Vuitton Mahina, Louis Vuitton Epi Leather, Gucci Leather Hysteria, Burberry Classic Check & Chanel Classic Medium Flap with Gold Chain.

You can apply a skin cleanser, conditioner or protectant to remove surface dirt and scratches, which is also good for moisturizing the skin so it looks pristine. One highly raved about cleaner is the Apple Leather Care line of cleaners, which is able to remove many types of stains such as dirt, grease, food and excess oils from leather. Alternatively, any protective leather product such as Eagle One Nano Protectant also works well. Spray a generous amount onto a dry, white cloth and wipe it evenly over the leather material of your bag.

For stubborn ink marks and skin stains, use a traditional Asian medicinal oil such as Ax brand medicinal oil or drugstore rubbing alcohol. This little-known technique is used by bag sellers, and many Branded Bags for Less readers have also given positive feedback that it has worked wonders for their bags. Pour some onto a dry, white cloth and rub lightly over the nasty mark or stain and it should come off easily.

Patent leather

Partial patent leather examples: Coach Signature Stripe Patent (fabric with patent leather stripe and trims) & Fendi Canvas Patent Leather Bag Du Jour (canvas with patent leather trims).

Complete patent leather examples: Tods Patent Leather Tote, Louis Vuitton Monogram Vernis & Coach Patent Zoe.

Of all types of materials, patent leather is perhaps the most difficult to work with. Once the color transfers to patent leather, the damage is likely to be permanent unfortunately. However, if you catch the stain early enough, it may still be possible to save the bag with an acetone-free nail polish remover or Mr Clean Magic Eraser according to some who have tried numerous methods to remove the problem.


Examples: Louis Vuitton Monogram Canvas (canvas with leather trims) & Fendi Canvas B Shoulder Bag (canvas with patent leather trims).

Stains due to color transfer from clothing, paper bags and magazines can be treated easily with a white damp cloth or sponge and normal white soap. For food and beverage stains and other stubborn stains and marks, try Coach Signature Fabric Cleaner, which also works for other brands like Louis Vuitton and Gucci canvas bags. Coach’s official site is giving a $10 deal on this cleanser. Apply a few drops to a white cloth and wipe the stains with light circular motions. Wipe off the excess with a clean white damp cloth. Some shop assistants and bag owners also swear by Baby Wipes on canvas.


Examples: Coach Carly Signature (fabric with leather trims), Coach Bleecker Signature Large Flap (fabric with leather trims) & Gucci Babouska Fabric Tote.

Just like with canvas bags, you can use Coach Signature Fabric Cleaner, which also works with other brands of fabric bags. Coach’s official site is giving a $10 deal on this cleanser. Apply a few drops to a white cloth and wipe the stains with light circular motions. Wipe off the excess with a clean white damp cloth.

A more economical method that some use with great success is toothpaste, especially Darlie brand. Apply toothpaste to a damp white cloth and rub on the stains in a circular motion. Carefully remove excess toothpaste from the darkened patch and allow it to dry. It works, surprisingly!

Above all…

Always be safe – remember to do a patch test on the inside or an inconspicuous part of your bag first before applying any treatment anywhere. Do not use detergent to treat your soiled bags as this can further damage the finish. Also, avoid your bags coming into contact with newspapers, magazines, colored paper bags and dark fabrics during cleaning, as the color can transfer from these items to your bags in the process.

Source by Sarah Lee

Beta Testing the First Mobile Internet Satellite Broadband, Part II

We were the first beta testers of a mobile command center with full internet access in 1999. Our mobile command center was also the first device with WiFi and mobile internet access.

The next generation of this system of broadband satellites was introduced in 2004. And the next wave of technology almost exists for 10 times the speed. It looks like Moore’s Law may only apply to satellites, but with Motorola’s past attempts and the FCC’s incompetence we’ve seen before, we may find there’s still a significant hurdle to overcome.

The biggest gripe back then was Iridium’s $134.50 per month pricing and ridiculous $1.34 per minute. Of course, GlobalStar proves that they are worse with 150 per month and 1.39 per minute and international calls at $1.79. The cool thing about Inmarsat is that it’s 20 years old and still has a data rate of 9.6 kbps, and sometimes you can get 64 kbps. Inmarsat A is ancient and 18,000 ships have a marine global distress system on board. GMDSS. If you look at almost all commercial ships, you will see antennas on top that can drive fax machines, telephones and various data interfaces. Previously they operated below deck Telex systems. This system is, as you might guess, purely analog, which has many advantages in marine weather conditions. Inmarsat B is a completely different story with its digital technology, you can definitely get 64 KBPS all day for streaming audio, video (a few hops) and voice and fax transmission.

Data transmission pricing due to speeds can save users up to 40% simply because it takes less time per minute to download and upload data. Granted, the hardware costs about $10K, but for what it is, it’s not bad considering the initial cost of data transmission. Now here is the new Inmarsat C deal, two way data communication, the terminals are portable and small, briefcase style. Terminal costs are approximately only $4K. and everyone in the TV business has one or more. Inmarsat also has a voice system that only needs a small antenna of 9.3 inches or more and comes in a small dome. They were recently featured in Popular Mechanics in November 01. The Trac Phone antennas for boats, RVs, etc. are expensive at $6500 but work well. This is also known as a mobile SatCom system. It’s a briefcase laptop system and weighs just 5 lbs. It costs only $3000. People call it briefcase phone. It uses a multi-user SIM card. The system, if you recall, never took off in the US like smart card phones did in Europe. Remember that PCS phones had that little slide in the cards, but they were too expensive to mass produce in cellular technology. The Inmarsat F77 is another innovation from 2001. ISDN and mobile packet data service capabilities. Fax, telephone, voice and data delivery. 64kbs, Absolutely and no problem. Almost seamless, it’s almost fully functional. We’re almost there. This technology takes advantage of the B-GAN services that will be provided by Inmarsat 4, launched in 2004.

That will be great. US-based ComSat Mobile, a division of Lockheed Martin Global Telecommunications, announced its cooperation with Fleet F77 in the first half of 2002. Ah, are we getting there? They say the Stratos people who are arrogant Canadians. Why is this so cool? This means that users can send and receive data, but only be charged for the data sent and received. Serve up the web in broadband from anywhere or even a remote log cabin on vacation, email and surf the web for about $89.95 a month, all in real time with about 2-3 seconds of distance delays or on another system that we have now, it will be a half-second delay at even higher speeds (I’ll talk more about this in a minute). Internet-based systems like this mean we can track every ship, truck, terrorist school bus in the country in real time, just as they now track all airplanes, as we saw on television during 9/11. We watched the US charts with every plane flying.

Imagine the system’s capabilities for efficiency, safety, storm and weather monitoring, and the safety of our people. I really like that and everybody in America will be safe and the president can have his missile defense program because we’ll be able to track anything that moves that isn’t covert and right now that’s all we know about. We can even track stealth bombers through cell phone frequency interference patterns. We win. Find out which systems have a built-in safety switch so that important transmissions go first, such as a ship on the high seas in distress, a DEA transmission while profiling a smuggler, or distress calls. So if you are surfing or emailing online it will be delayed until they take care of safety priorities and at these speeds and number of users and the upcoming Craig McCaw Law I predict it will replace Moore’s Law for satellites that won’t be more than a nano second to 2005. In other words, you’ll accept a solar flare or even a thundercloud.

Orbicomm is another data source without voice capability and handles two-way and alphanumeric operations using a small network of LEO satellites. Another website we found may be of interest to you if you use any of these technologies.

End of Part II

Source by Lance Winslow

Titanium VS Ceramic Flat Iron

You’ve probably heard the same story, “titanium is faster, but ceramic is safer.” Claims like these can really confuse you when you’re trying to choose between them, especially since you wouldn’t want to ruin your hair by choosing speed over safety. So let’s learn a little more about each of these heating materials and see what their pros and cons are.

Starting with ceramic, which is and always has been the most popular choice among professionals and home users due to its robust heating and protection technologies. These are better known as infrared heating and ion technology. The natural infrared heating of the ceramic gently warms the hair from the inside without damaging the outer layer, which is susceptible to damage. This promotes moisture retention in each strand to reflect a hydrated and nourished look on the outside, giving you a dramatic shine and healthy look. As for the ionic technology, this unique component uses negative ions to neutralize and balance the hair to relax and smooth the cuticles. This also contributes to healthier hair as straightening time will be cut in half and your hair will look twice as smooth.

Now on to the titan. This exceptional heater can reach peak temperatures in record time for quick hair styling, which is great for all you busy girls out there. It also features flawlessly smooth plates that will effortlessly glide through your hair for a silky and shiny look. One of the biggest advantages of titanium is that it is naturally strong and light, so straightening will be easier and your iron will last much longer.

The best hair salons use titanium irons because of their high performance and fast heating, which reduces waiting, making them more efficient and delighting their customers with incredibly smooth and long-lasting styles. However, its power and heat are only beneficial for girls with thick, coarse and stubborn hair that needs high temperatures for proper straightening. If your hair is thin or fragile, then you won’t need such high temperatures and it would be safer to stick to ceramic.

If you’re still torn between these two materials, then good news! Some professional flat irons actually combine ceramic and titanium to use the safety and protection of ceramic along with the speed and efficiency of titanium. The only problem is that these powerful flat irons are more expensive, although the results would be outstanding and the benefits would be worth the investment.

Source by Michelle E Scott

Yonex Arcsaber Z Slash Badminton Racket Review

There has been a huge amount of traffic on the forums for this badminton racket. I can’t remember a time when a new missile was so eagerly awaited. The Yonex Japan website enticed us with their advertising, but they kept us in the dark about the appearance of this racquet until a few days before release.

When pictures were available, the Arcsaber Z Slash badminton racket was met with a mixed response. Some said it was terrible, while others admired its colorful graphics. But has the raised expectation and anticipation been justified? Let’s get into the review. Above all, remember that racket choice is personal and you are the only person who can judge whether that racket is for you.

With all the hype surrounding this racquet, I was expecting a flashy finish – something different to set it apart from the rest of the Yonex range. As you can imagine, I was a bit disappointed when I saw the standard Arcsaber missile cover. Fair play to Yonex though, they try to standardize their range, so somehow why should this racket get special treatment?

I had that Christmas morning feeling as I slowly unzipped the case and pulled out the rocket. Hey! I was greeted by the most impressive graphics I’ve seen on a rocket in a while. If you’re ultra conservative, you might see the racket as flashy or flashy, but I really liked it. The graphics combine black, red, yellow, gold and white.

At first glance, except for the graphics, this looks like any other badminton racket. But there are a number of differences upon further investigation.

First, the head looks a bit thinner. At first I thought it was due to the stringing. But Yonex stringers are among the best in the world, so this warranted a closer look. No, it’s definitely a slightly different shape, pulling out the sides by roughly half a centimeter on each side, which is significant. The length of the head is the same.

The Z Slash’s shaft is approximately 1cm longer than my Nanospeed 9900, which should therefore generate a bit more power. The handle is about 2cm shorter and the sleeve (plastic piece above the handle) has been reduced by about 25% (by my estimation.) The sleeve itself looks significantly smaller and is a slightly different shape. Personally, I don’t see this adding much, if anything, to the racket’s performance, although I’m sure the dealers will tell you otherwise.

The racket is a standard 3U (weight 84-89g) with a G4 grip size. This is a little surprising as we usually get the G3 grip size in the UK which is a bit larger. Yonex has previously supplied larger grip sizes to our market because they think we have bigger hands. So I can’t understand why this premium racquet comes with a smaller grip size. Let’s continue…

So how does this racket feel? It’s certainly different than the Arcsaber 10. It’s almost a cross between the Armortec 900 Power (which readers will know is a particular favorite of mine) and the Nanospeed 9900 (my current racket).

It’s certainly well balanced, although I’d say it tends to be more head heavy. Before heading out the door, I grabbed the racket and couldn’t resist a few swings in my front room. Hey! The speed in the air was incredible. Certainly much less “slip” than other rackets. This racquet definitely felt fast for power shots, which was a surprise given the heavier head. It will be interesting to see how it performs in terms of both ground power and defense.

I used the racquet on a practice night at my league club. First I played a men’s doubles game. During the warm-up I felt pretty good with the racquet, although I knew it would take some getting used to.


The rocket is certainly strong enough. My touch was slightly off, but that was partly due to the lower string tension and I had to adapt to the racquet. The slightly heavier head was noticeable, although it was certainly quick around the net.

Where this racquet scores big is when you actually time the stroke correctly. The shuttle then travels like a bullet and all the comments about how powerful this rocket is can be believed. In the warm-up I hit a few good shots that dropped like a shell – fantastic, I’m ready for the game now.

wrong! Getting the timing right during the warm-up didn’t prepare me at all for the speed of the game. I found that even with my experience, I underestimated that many overheads. Although I stuck with him, we lost the game easily which was disappointing.

After that I did some nutrition with the racquet and it felt really good. A lot of underarm nutrition was easy. I was still very aware of the weight in the head of the racquet and felt very comfortable with it.

Then I worked with the defensive players. Having previously been a feeder, I was keen to get involved as a player and try the racquet. I was delighted with the results. This racket was really solid defensively, moving very quickly to answer the shuttle. The extra weight in the head felt great and gave me an extra kick in the high lift to get good length even when digging the shuttles off the hip of my racquet.

We then did some quick hands on the net. Again I was impressed with the rocket. It was certainly fast enough in that department with the added “meat” and therefore control that I lacked when using my Nanospeed 9900.

Unfortunately, I didn’t get to play another game – will have to wait until next week.

To sum up my evening, the rocket performed like a corpse in all departments except my head – where it should have shined brightest. I was really impressed with all the areas we tested and boy did we test hard tonight.

I have read with interest on the badminton forums the comments made by players who have purchased this racket and found that it does not suit them. I can totally understand the frustration of these players as I imagine I had the exact same feelings earlier in the night.

It’s a brilliant racket, no doubt about it. So why can’t I play with it right away? The answer is simple…

The Arcsaber Z Slash Badminton Racket is a racket that demands coaxing to greatness. When fired right, this beauty delivers power in abundance. And here is the crux of the matter… “when”. This racket takes more getting used to than any other I have used before.

Maybe it’s the combination of a longer barrel, shorter handle and smaller head? Maybe it’s the aerodynamic head that moves so fast when it wants to perform like this – it’s almost too good for me right now.

After thinking more about what I just wrote, I came to the conclusion that the ability of rockets to generate such magnificent speed in the air is what gets me and throws off my time. When I master this, I believe I will tame this beast and be able to get the best out of it.

Tonight I lent this racket to other players as well. The look on their faces when they detected a smash was a sight to behold. I witnessed some great smashing with this racquet tonight. But those huge hits were a very small percentage of the many hits on the night.

How will I rate this racket? The RRP is around £180, making it the most expensive Yonex racket on the market. This is probably the most expensive Yonex racket! Is it worth it? Only you can tell.

Personally, it will be unattainable for many players. Maybe not in terms of price, but more in terms of what they can get out of it. The average league player can do better by choosing his next racquet wisely instead of thinking the most expensive racquet is the best racquet for him.

Having said all that, and even though I didn’t propose on our first date, I really love this racket. I want to spend more time with him, get to know him better and understand how to make a perfect partnership.

This rocket blew me away. I don’t know exactly why, but I want to test it again and again and I want to master the overhead and see what this beauty can really deliver. I can’t wait for our next meeting.

I can’t remember the last time a missile had that effect on me. So despite the immediate downside, which I believe is due to the amazing airspeed this racket generates, I will rate this racket 4.5 stars. I truly believe this racket has the potential to be a classic if it can be tamed. I deducted half a star because of the price, although I have to admit that this could be completely withdrawn and changed to a 5 star rating when I get used to the incredible power this racket generates.

I also posted a video review of the Z Slash vs the Nanospeed 9900 on my Badminton Blog which you might be interested in watching.

Source by P Stewart

History of the computer – It’s a binary world – How computers count

Many have cursed their computer for taking things too literally! It’s easy to blame the computer when something goes wrong.

You get to the market checkout and the item you bought “on special price” comes out at full price. The manager should be called to fix it and what does he say? “We’re having problems with the computer, it’s getting the wrong price for some things.”

You put an address list into your word processor and print invitations to next week’s party. You then find that today’s date has been inserted into the signature block – by the computer!

You may have heard the expression “Garbage in garbage out”? Someone at some point instructed the computer to do what it did, He didn’t set out to screw you up on purpose. The computers can only do what they are told, they are more logical than Spock and they take everything literally.

We’ll take a look at why they’re so meticulous!

The world around us has many aspects that work in the same way as a computer. There are many examples of opposites, for example up and down, left and right, forward and backward. A light can be on or off, it can be night or day. Yes or no? You can think of many others. This system of two possible states is called a binary system. If it’s not one, it must be the other.

A computer uses the binary system to perform all its functions, the basic unit, first a vacuum tube, then a transistor, then a chip, is used thousands of times to make the whole unit. The on or off light we mentioned above is controlled by a switch. In a computer, this switch is a transistor that is turned on or off.

Now we get to the math! Don’t worry, it’s very simple math! In fact, it’s so simple that we only count up to 1. That’s right, we can only have two states, so we count from 0 to 1. (This is another thing computers are picky about, they insist on starting from zero).

The binary system is a number system. You are familiar with the decimal system, which has 10 digits from 0 to 9 (think of a computer as 0 being first). You can create any number of systems for any purpose you wish. You probably know about a dozen (12) and have heard of half a dozen. If you’ve used your computer a lot, you may have come across the hexadecimal system. This one has 16 “digits” 0-9 and AF. Another number system used by computer people is the octal system, which has 8 digits, 0-7.

Ok, how do we count with just 0’s and 1’s. Simple, just the same way you count in decimal. The first ten numbers are OK, 0-9, but what comes next? We start again, but add 1, which makes 10, or “one, zero.” That takes us to “one, nine” and we go to “two, zero” and so on to “nine, nine,” then we add 1 again to make 100 – “one, zero, zero.”

DECIMAL 0-9, 10-19, 20-…..-99, 100.

If you’ve followed me so far, you’re ready for the binary sequence, it’s much simpler. Starting from zero, we have 0.1 – and that’s it. We follow the same rule and add 1, which makes “one, zero”. Followed by “one, one”; then “one, zero, zero”; -“one, zero, one”; etc. They are equivalent to Decimal 0,1,2,3,4,5. How does this relate to computers? This is the next one.

BINARY – 0 1 10 11 100 101

DECIMAL– 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5

In our computer we have transistor switches as described above. For the math example we just looked at, we need 3 switches. Each one represents a binary digit or bit. To represent a decimal number 1 these switches would be OFF, OFF, ON or 001. For a decimal number 5 we would have ON, OFF, ON or 101. By extension you can see that with 4 switches we can go to 1111 or 15 decimal.


BINARY …… 001 101 1111

DECIMAL ….. 1, 5, 15

Another point to note is that each binary digit or bit has a value. Just like in Decimal we have ones, tens, hundreds, etc. in Binary the values ​​are 1,2,4,8,16,32,64,128 etc. etc. The binary code 1111 mentioned above is 1+2+4+ 8=15. what would BINARY 1010 be in decimal?

BIT VALUE 8 4 2 1

BINARY… 1 0 1 0

DECIMAL… 8+2=10

If you want to find out what binary 100101100 is in decimal, you can add the individual values. In fact, the people who work on the underlying machines need to know the “machine code”! For them, 1010 would be A in hexadecimal or 12 in octal.

One of the reasons for using octal or hexadecimal code is to enable humans to interpret machine codes. Some mainframe computers use “words” made up of 24, 32, 36, or 72 bits. They are displayed or printed in groups of three for octal or four for hexadecimal. For example, a 24-bit binary word in a computer can be interpreted as shown here.

BINARY 100 111 000 011 010 000 011 100

EIGHT.. 4 7 0 3 2 0 3 4

BINARY 1001 1100 0011 0100 0001 1100

HEX… 9 D 3 4 1 D

This probably seems like a very long way to calculate numbers until you remember that these “switches” can operate at nanosecond speeds, on the order of 1,000,000,000 times per second, large calculations become possible.

That’s probably enough to grind in one go. Next we will look at how the computer adds and multiplies.

Source by Tony Stockill