A new era in the electric vehicle market in the coming years

The electric vehicle market collectively accounted for 1,043,000 units in 2016 and is expected to grow to 285,188,000 units by 2030. Governments of various countries are very focused on increasing EV sales to reduce pollution levels and thus global warming. With manufacturers launching new models and charging infrastructure picking up speed. The market is expected to witness tremendous growth during the forecast period.

In the report, Electric Vehicle Market: By Type (BEV, HEV, PHEV); By modules (Body and chassis, drive, Infotainment, safety and security); By Geography (Americas, Europe, Asia Pacific, RoW) – Forecast (2018 to 2023) published by IndustryARC, the market will be driven by the development and advanced batteries in the coming decades.

Electrification is the most viable way to achieve clean and efficient transport, which is crucial for the sustainable development of the whole world. The current year’s breakdown says electric vehicle technology, including hybrid electric vehicles (HEVs), plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs) and clean battery electric vehicles (BEVs), will dominate the clean vehicle market .

The Asia-Pacific region is dominating the electric vehicle market with significant growth

Geographically, the electric vehicle market is present in regions of North America, Europe, Asia Pacific and Rest of the World. New car application increased by 70% compared to 2016. In 2016, more than 550,000 vehicles were accepted worldwide, which includes both battery electric vehicles and plug-in hybrid vehicles. Studies show that China is expected to extend its industry lead by achieving gains in all dimensions of EV supply, including current forecast production of EVs and their components. Overall, Germany and the United States of America are also performing well in the industry with a number of major changes in EV production. These countries saw a slight decline in the market due to the production of electric motors due to China’s expansion.

Sales analysis made in a full report:

Sales of higher capacity batteries increased. It is noted that direct reuse is always cheaper than batteries in a similar productive environment. The PHEV is headed for sale and is expected to command the best price. The pricing concept gives you an idea of ​​the approximate price in the current market, as the advancements in batteries for electric motor transmissions are under serious development. The expansion and rollout of the product will clarify the costs of establishment and electric cars to maintain for a longer period of time.

Selected type and application analysis performed in the full report:

The uptake of EVs is the result of several factors, including strong technological advances, cost reductions, and policy support, including purchase incentives, driving benefits and access to parking, and increased availability of public charging infrastructure. BEVs dominated sales over hybrid cars in most countries until 2015. But sales of plug-in vehicles (PHEVs) have grown rapidly in the past two years, and currently the PHEV market is almost equal to BEV sales globally. PHEVs have a significant set of advantages due to continuous improvements in battery performance and make it possible to reduce costs to achieve maximum market share.

Samples of market growth factors

After the diesel emissions scandal, the California city saw a $44 million investment from Electrify America to bring hundreds of electric vehicles to the city. The project includes 260 electric vehicles. The vehicles can locate nearby cars with an app and drive them anywhere within a 13-square-mile radius. The cars will be available in early 2019.

ISRO has announced that it is launching its major project on lithium-ion cell technology to lead to its adoption on a non-exclusive basis for automotive use. This initiative will accelerate the development of the domestic electric vehicle industry.

The growing adoption of electric cars creates new opportunities for Volkswagen. It says quantum computing technology can help build customized batteries with a chemical blueprint that will speed up the development and production of batteries for electric vehicles. This will create a specialized and customized car battery for future green cars.

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Key players in the electric vehicle market

Advancement is currently the key strategy driving the market, accounting for about 44% of the total strategies adopted by key players. The key players profiled in this report include Tesla, BMW Group, Nissan Motor Corporation, Toyota Motor Corporation, Volkswagen AG, General Motors, Dailmer AG and Energica Motor Company SPA. These are the leading market players who are focusing on expanding their business operations in developing countries. Among all the continents, APAC is the emerging region where investors are focusing more on introducing innovative solutions. Some of the well-maintained EVs in the current market are Tesla Model S, Nissan Leaf, BMW i3, Mitsubishi iMiEV, Ford Focus EV; these are available BEV models. BMW i3 REX, BMW i8, Cadillac ELR, Ford Fusion Energi, Ford Cmax Energi, Toyota Prius Plugin and others are the available PHEV models. Audi Q5 Hybris, Acura ILX hybrid, Cadillac Escalade Hybris, BMW Active Hybrid 3 and others are HEV models available.

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What can you expect from the report?

The Electric Vehicle Market report is prepared with a core program that covers the following 20 points:

1. Market Size by Product Category and Application 11. Demand Analysis (Revenue and Volume)

2. Market trends and relevant market data 12. Country level analysis

3. Manufacturer Landscape 13. Competitor Analysis

4. Distributor Landscape 14. Market Share Analysis

5. Pricing Analysis 15. Value Chain Analysis

6. Top 10 End User Analysis 16. Supply Chain Analysis

7. Product benchmarking 17. Strategic analysis

8. Product development 18. Analysis of the current and future market landscape

9. Analysis of mergers and acquisitions 19. Analysis of opportunities

10. Patent Analysis 20. Revenue and Volume Analysis

Any other custom requirements can be discussed with our team, drop an email to discuss more about our consulting services.

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Mr. Venkat Reddy

Sales Manager

Email 1: sales@industryarc.com

Contact Sales: +1-614-588-8538 (ext. 101)

Source by Abdul Qadir

How to transfer and backup data from iPod to computer?

A very great author said “Music washes away the dust of everyday life from the soul”. Music has the charm to calm the wild beast. Nowadays, the medium of music has changed. Earlier, people probably used cassette players or radio to listen to songs. But nowadays iPods have taken their places.

These iPods are designed and marketed by Apple Inc. It can play many audio file formats like WAV, MP3, AAC, AIFF, etc. It also stores videos, images, photos. But what if you lose your iPod songs, videos and other important data from your iPod? Would you lose your music collection? Well…no need to be angry. By backing up your iPod data, you can regain access to your lost music or other important data on your iPod.

Using iPod backup software, an exact copy of your iPod data will be saved on your computer. So, from the next time you fall into the situation of losing data on your iPod due to any reason such as damage, virus attack or when you have sent your iPod for repair, you can effortlessly get your lost data back on your iPod again.

Losing your favorite music and videos is a very bad situation for any music lover. Therefore, to overcome this much hassle, you should choose iPod file transfer software to backup iPod data. This iPod file transfer software easily and efficiently copies and transfers all data from your iPod to your computer. It is easy and secure to use and works well with all iPod models such as ipod nano, ipod shuffle and ipod touch. This tool automatically detects iPod and displays all information, finds duplicate songs and deletes them.

You can also download the software from online for free but for the full version you will need to purchase the software. The cost of the tool is about right. Just try this software and backup your iPod data. Try it!

Source by Rosy Disuza

Golden Secrets Review

A friend asked me to check out a gold earning system at gold-secrets. My first thought was, “Oh man! Not another WOW guide…”

Let me tell you, I couldn’t be happier that I decided to check it out anyway.

For those of you who don’t know, gold in World of Warcraft is much more significant than it ever was in yesterday’s RPGs.

From that low-level character struggling to put together a decent base kit to a seasoned veteran trying to get that Epic Flying Mount, everyone who plays World of Warcraft needs gold.

In old RPGs, your only choice if you needed gold was to find a recurring encounter that was easily winnable and farm it over and over. Even World of Warcraft has some of this, but with the incredible size of the world, it’s more important than any other game to know exactly where to find those “easy” encounters. Also, with the added danger of PVP play, you have to constantly be looking over your shoulder in case there’s a level 27 Rogue just waiting to pop out of the wooden structure and eat your level 10 Hunter for lunch, so that having a “secret” place to farm super important.

One of the great things about the gold secrets guide is that it gives you strategies to get the most out of the auction house. This is one of the things that sets World of Warcraft apart in terms of realism. In old RPGs, you collected things and brought them to programmed merchants. Your options were pretty much accept their prices or get nothing. The auction house allows you to profit from other players who are looking for a specific item that you happen to have. The flip side of this coin is that knowing all the techniques in the gold secrets guide allows you to have extra gold to buy that extremely rare, mouth-watering item. If you just need a certain rare item to give you the perfect kit, having all the extra gold allows you to make offers to other players that they just can’t refuse for the item.

Source by Arturas Gotceitas

Good luck at the Two Wheelers track

Two-wheelers are popular among people of all age groups. The reason for the huge success of two-wheelers is that they are small, manageable and cost-effective. Even the high prices of four-wheelers have diverted the attention of car enthusiasts to affordable bikes with low maintenance costs.

Main reasons for the success of two-wheelers:

1. With high inflation and low liquidity in the market, buyers hesitate to buy the cars.

2. Even the long awaited Nano and small cars are in the pipeline.

3. Two wheelers have hassle free and quick loan approval.

4. Available on all attractive interest rate models.

5. It has flexible repayment options. It varies from 12 to 48 months.

6. Loan repayment is possible through post-dated checks with easy EMIs.

7. Unlike four wheelers which have high maintenance costs, two wheelers have easy maintenance, smooth loans and easy availability.

All this resulted in the sales of the two-wheelers shooting up.

Manufacturers of two-wheeled strollers:

A lot has changed for two-wheelers in the last two decades. Previously, there were only a few models of two-wheelers in the country. In the early 1950s, Automobile Products in India (API) began manufacturing scooters. Until 1958, API and Enfield were the only two-wheeler manufacturers in India.

But in the current scenario, the Indian two-wheeler market is booming. India is the second largest producer and manufacturer of two wheelers in the market. India follows China and Japan in two-wheeler sales and production.

There are more than 10 two-wheeler manufacturers in India and the list includes Bajaj, Hero Honda Motors, Indus, Kinetic Motor, Royal Enfield, Suzuki, TVS and Yamaha.

There are many key players in the market for selling motorcycles, scooters and mopeds at competitive prices, giving buyers many options. Hence, now you don’t have to compromise on your needs and you can easily get a two wheeler of your choice at best prices.

Source by Divya Aggarwal

iPod models

First generation iPod

The first generation iPod was the first iPod model by Apple, announced on October 23, 2001.

the original iPod was priced at $399 with a 5GB hard drive.

Critics criticized the price of the device, but it quickly proved to be a hit in the market

beating out older hard drive MP3 players like the NOMAD Jukebox. In March 2002, Apple

announced a 10 GB version priced at $499.

Apple designed a mechanical scroll wheel and outsourced the implementation and development

to Synaptics, a company that also developed the trackpad for Apple’s PowerBooks.

The first generation iPod featured four stacked buttons (Menu, Play/Pause, Back, and Forward).

around the circumference of the scroll wheel and a single selection button in the center.

2nd generation iPod

The second generation iPod was available in 10 GB and 20 GB capacities and was introduced on July 17, 2002.

at Macworld, and the original’s mechanical scroll wheel was replaced with a touch-sensitive one,

non-mechanical (made by Synaptics) called a “touch wheel”.

Thanks to Toshiba’s new hard drives, the 20GB iPod slightly outperformed its first-generation counterpart in

thickness and weight, while the 10GB model was thinner. It came with a carrying case and a wired remote, and was the first to be compatible with Windows.

In December 2002, Apple released 4 limited edition laser engraved iPods autographed by Beck,

Tony Hawk, Madonna and No Doubt. They sold for $50 above normal retail price in each capacity until it was discontinued.

iPod 3rd generation

The third generation iPod featured the four buttons above the touch wheel with a “selection” in the center

and slightly smaller than its predecessors and was introduced by Apple CEO Steve Jobs on April 28, 2003. They had more distinctive beveled edges and Apple produced 10 GB, 15 GB, 20 GB, 30 GB and 40 GB versions GB.

These iPods use a 30-pin connector called a Dock Connector (longer and flatter than a FireWire connector). The iPod dock came bundled with all but the cheapest iPod, and was also sold separately. It included touch-sensitive buttons located between the display and the touch wheel. The new buttons have a red backlight, which allows easier use in the dark.

The touch-sensitive buttons that build on the touch-sensitive scroll wheel introduced in the 2

generation iPod, makes it unique in that it has no external moving parts (other than the retention slider at the top of the device) and is the only iPod that does not have buttons around the wheel.

Apple stopped shipping separate Mac and Windows versions of the device, and instead all iPods shipped with their hard drives formatted for Macintosh use; they include a CD-ROM containing a Windows utility that can be reformatted for use with a Windows computer.

4th generation iPod

The 4th generation iPod integrated the four buttons into the scroll wheel and is considered a model c

whose sales increased significantly, thus starting the “iPod Craze”. In the most obvious difference from its predecessors, the 4th generation iPod carries over the click wheel design introduced in the iPod Mini and introduced in July 2004.

Some users criticized the click wheel for not having the backlighting that the buttons on the 3rd generation iPod had, but others noted that having the buttons on the compass points largely eliminated the need for backlighting.

Apple also claims that updated software in the new iPod allows it to use the battery more efficiently and increase battery life by up to 12 hours.

Other minor changes include the addition of a ‘Shuffle Tracks’ option in the top-level menu to make it more user-friendly.

After many requests from users wanting these enhancements to work on older iPods, Apple released a firmware update on February 23, 2005 that introduced the new menu items to the 1st-3rd generation iPods.

Originally, the 4th generation iPod had a monochrome screen and no photo capabilities like its predecessors. Available in 20GB and 40GB sizes.

In February 2005, Apple discontinued the 40 GB model and began selling only a monochrome 20 GB version. The 4th generation monochrome iPod, slightly thinner (about one millimeter smaller) than the 3rd generation iPod, introduced the ability to charge the battery via a USB connection.

5th generation iPod

The 5th generation iPod, often referred to as the iPod video or video iPod, was released on October 12, 2005, and was available in 30 GB and 60 GB models.

It has the ability to play MPEG-4 and H.264 video at resolutions up to 480 x 480 (maximum number of macroblocks (16×16 pixels) 900) and 320 x 240 (maximum number of macroblocks (16×16 pixels) 300) respectively (videos purchased from iTunes Music Store, are limited to 320 x 240).

You can play widescreen resolutions up to 640×360 using MPEG-4 and 400 x 192 using H.264 (the total number of macroblocks falls within the specified maximums).

The 5th generation models have a 65,536 color (16-bit) screen with a 320 x 240 QVGA transflective TFT display and can display video on an external TV via the accessory AV cable, which plugs into the headphone minijack and splits into composite video and audio output connectors with RCA jacks.

It can also display video on an external TV using iPod AV or S-video cables with the iPod Universal Dock. Dimensions are 103.5 x 61.8 x 11.0mm for the 30GB version and 103.5 x 61.8 x 14.0mm for the 60GB version.

The screen size is now 2.5 inches (6.35 cm) diagonally, 0.5 inches (12.7 mm) larger than the previous iPod. It’s 30% thinner than the previous full-size iPod. Battery life for the 30 GB is 14 hours and for the 60 GB it is around 20 hours. Watching movies reduces this amount to 2 and 3 hours respectively.

The click wheel design is the same as the previous generation, but is slightly smaller (1.5″ diameter) than before. The new click wheel is completely flat, unlike older models where the center button is slightly rounded and raised .

Apple stopped making iPods with the click wheels used in the 4th generation iPod and iPod Mini from their previous supplier, Synaptics, and now use an in-house solution.

Like the iPod Nano, the 5th generation iPod comes in two colors, white and black, and includes the World Clock, Stopwatch, and Screen Lock apps.

In addition, the headphone jack is smaller and comes with a slim case, most likely in response to many complaints about the iPod Nano’s surface being scratched easily.

Apple has also discontinued the inclusion of an AC adapter and FireWire cable, and you must purchase these items separately to charge the iPod from a home outlet or use an external powered USB hub.

The 5th generation iPod no longer supports transferring files via FireWire, but still supports charging using FireWire. This is most likely due to the increased popularity of Hi-Speed ​​​​USB 2.0 in the consumer market, as well as the reduction in the cost of manufacturing components by reducing the complexity of the boards and removing unnecessary accessories.

Here is a link to this article iPod models

Source by Daniel Dwase

Liposomes – types and applications

A liposome is a vesicle or small bubble that is composed of the same components as the cell membrane. Liposomes are drug depots that have been found to be useful in the treatment of cancer and various other diseases.


British haematologist Dr Alec D Bangham FRS was the first to discover liposomes at the Babraham Institute in Cambridge in 1961.

A derivative of a name

The name Liposome comes from the Greek words – “Lipos” (fat) and “Soma” (body). Liposomes can have different molecular sizes and thus can be unilamellar or multilamellar structures. Nanosomes are liposomes in the low nanometer range. However, nanosomes contain water, which liposomes do not.


Phospholipids are the building blocks of cell membranes, and these head-and-tail molecules also make up the liposome. The head group of the phospholipid attracts water, while the tail of the long hydrocarbon chain repels water. Liposomes include naturally occurring phospholipids that have mixed lipid chains. They can also be composed of DOPE (dioleoylphosphatidylethanolamine) as pure surfactants.


Liposomes are of three types:

· MLV or multilamellar vesicles

· SUV or small uni-lamellar vesicles

· LUV or large uni-lamellar vesicles


· Liposomes are widely used in drug preparation due to their unique properties.

· They are also used in various gene delivery applications such as lipofection where DNA is transformed into a host cell.

· They are used as carriers in textile dyeing

· They also act as carriers in plant pesticides, enzymes and various food additives and cosmetics.

· Liposomes are widely used in nano cosmetology and have several advantages.

· One of the strongest advantages of liposomes remains in targeting cancer.


Liposomes and nano liposomes do not form spontaneously. Liposomes can be synthesized by the phospholipid sonication process in water. Decreasing shear rates make way for multilamellar liposomes, and a continuous flow of high-shear ultrasound results in smaller unilamellar liposomes. Processes such as the Mozaffari method and extrusion are used to produce liposomes for human use.

Source by Rama Krishna

Carbon nanotubes: pros and cons

Carbon nanotube or CNT is not a new term in the present scenario, in fact it is the allotrope of carbon sharing a cylindrical nanostructure. The length to diameter ratio of nanotubes is between 132,000,000:1 and they have many fascinating properties to be used in nanotechnology, optics, materials science, electronics and other fields of science. Due to their exceptional thermal conductivity, mechanical and electrical properties, carbon nanotubes are used as additives for various structural materials, for example in baseball bats, car parts and golf clubs, nanotubes form a very small part of the material. Nanotubes are members of the fullerene family, which also includes buckyballs, and the ends of these nanotubes can be capped with the hemisphere of buckyballs. Their name is derived from their long, hollow structure with walls formed from one-atom-thick sheets of carbon known as graphene. These sheets are then rolled up at a certain and specific angle, and the combination of roll angle and radius determines the properties of these nanotubes. Nanotubes are either single-walled nanotubes (SWNTs) or multi-walled nanotubes (MWNTs). The nanotube particles are held together by van der Waals forces. Applied quantum chemistry, especially orbital hybridization, best describes chemical bonding in them. The chemical bonds are mainly composed of sp2 bonds, similar to those found in graphite, and stronger than the sp3 bonds found in diamond and alkanes, and thus are responsible for the great strength of these structures.

Historical reference

In 1952, L. V. Radushkevich and L. M. Lukyanovich published clear images of 50 nm tubes composed of carbon in the Soviet Journal of Physical Chemistry, but the paper failed to arouse interest among Western scientists because it was published in Russian language and access is not open due to cold war. The invention of the transmission electron microscope (TEM) made it possible to visualize these structures. A paper published by Oberlin, Endo, and Koyama in 1976 reported hollow carbon fibers with nanometer diameters using a vapor growth technique. In 1979, John Abrahamson presented evidence of carbon nanotubes at the Pennsylvania State University’s 14th Biennial Conference on Carbon.

All the credit for the current interest in carbon nanotubes goes to the discovery of buckminsterfullerene C60 and other related fullerenes in 1985. The discovery that carbon can form stable structures other than graphite and diamond forced researchers to find new forms of carbon, and the result came under form of C60, which can be provided in all laboratories in a simple arc evaporation apparatus. Sumio Lijima, a Japanese scientist, discovered the fullerene-bonded carbon nanotube using a simple arc evaporation apparatus in 1991. The tubes were composed of two layers with diameters in the range of 3-30 nm and closed at both ends. In 1993, single-walled carbon nanotubes with a diameter of 1-2 nm and can be bent were discovered, but they failed to generate much interest among researchers because they were structurally imperfect, so researchers are now working to improve the catalytic properties of these nanotubes.

Single-Walled Nanotubes (SWNTs)

Most single-walled nanotubes are close to 1 nm in diameter with a length millions of times longer, and the structure can be imagined by wrapping a one-atom-thick layer of graphite, called graphene, into a seamless cylinder. The way graphene wraps is represented by a pair of subscripts (n, m), and the integers n and m represent the unit vectors along both directions in the graphene honeycomb crystal lattice. If m=0 then the nanotubes are called zigzag nanotubes and if n=m then they are called armchair otherwise they are chiral. SWNTs are a very important variety of nanotubes because their properties change with changing values ​​of n and m and were widely used in the development of the first intermolecular field-effect transistors. The cost of these nanotubes has come down in the current era.

Multiwalled Nanotubes (MWNTs)

They consist of multiple coiled layers of graphene, there are two layers that can better define the structure of these nanotubes. The Russian doll model says that the graphite layers are arranged in concentric cylinders, for example a single-walled nanotube within a single-walled nanotube. The Parchment model states that a sheet of graphite coils around itself, resembling a rolled-up newspaper. The interlayer spacing in these nanotubes is 3.4. The Russian doll model is commonly considered when studying MWNT structure. Double-walled nanotubes (DWNTs) are a special type of nanotubes with morphology and properties similar to MWNTs, with greatly improved resistance against chemicals.


The nanotorus is a carbon nanotube bent into the shape of a torus and has very unique properties such as a magnetic moment 1000 times more. Thermal stability and magnetic moment depend on the torus radius as well as the tube radius.


Nanobuds are newly created materials made by joining two allotropes of carbon, namely carbon nanotubes and fullerenes. In this material, the fullerene-like buds are covalently bonded to the outer sidewalls of the main nanotube. This new material shares the properties of both fullerenes and carbon nanotubes. They are supposed to be good field emitters.

Graphed carbon nanotubes

They are relatively newly developed hybrid materials combining graphite sheets grown on the sidewalls of a multi-walled nanotube. Stoner and co-workers reported that these hybrid materials have improved supercapacitor capability.

Pea pod

Carbon peapod is a new hybrid material composed of a network of fullerenes trapped in a carbon nanotube. It has interesting magnetic, heating and radiating properties.

Cupped carbon nanotubes

They differ from other quasi 1D carbon materials that behave as quasi metallic electron conductors. The semiconducting behavior of these structures is due to the presence of an ordering microstructure of graphene layers.

Extreme carbon nanotubes

The longest carbon nanotube was reported in 2009 with dimensions of 18.5 cm, grown on Si substrates by chemical vapor deposition, and is electrically uniform arrays of single-walled carbon nanotubes. Cycloparaphenylene was the shortest carbon nanotube reported in 2009. The thinnest carbon nanotube is armchair with a diameter of 3.


1. Strength

Carbon nanotubes have the highest tensile strength and modulus of elasticity of any material discovered so far. The tensile strength is due to the presence of sp2 hybridization between the individual carbon atoms. The tensile strength of a multiwalled tube was reported to be 63 gigapascals (GPa) in 2000. Additional studies conducted in 2008 found that the shell of these tubes had a strength of 100 gigapascals, which is in good agreement with quantum models . Since these pipes have a low density, their strength is high. If these tubes are given excessive tensile stress, they undergo plastic deformation, meaning they change permanently. Although the strength of individual tubes is very high, the weak shear interaction between adjacent shells and tubes leads to a weakening of the strength of multiwalled tubes. They are also not strong when compressed. Due to their hollow structure and high aspect ratio, they show buckling when subjected to torsional or bending stress.

2. Hardness

Standard single-walled nanotubes can withstand pressures of about 24GPa without deforming and can undergo transformation into superhard phase nanotubes. The maximum allowable pressure under current experimental techniques is 55 GPa. But these super-stiff nanotubes can collapse at pressures higher than 55 GPa. The bulk modulus of these nanotubes is 462-546 GPa much higher than that of diamond.

3. Kinetic properties

Multiwalled nanotubes are concentric arrays of nanotubes folded into one another and endowed with an amazing telescoping property where the inner tube can slide frictionlessly in its outer shell, creating a rotational bearing. This is perhaps the first real examples of molecular nanotechnology useful in machine manufacturing. This property has already been used in making the world’s smallest rotary engine.

4. Electrical properties

Graphene’s symmetry and unique electronic structure are responsible for giving carbon shavings their amazing electrical properties. Intrinsic superconductivity has been observed in nanotubes, but this is a controversial issue in the present context.

5. Absorption of waves

The most recently studied properties of multi-walled carbon nanotubes are their effectiveness in exhibiting microwave absorption and the current area of ​​research by researchers for radar absorbing materials (RAMs) so as to provide better strength to aircraft and military vehicles. Research is in progress, with researchers trying to fill MWNTs with metals such as iron, nickel or cobalt to increase the efficiency of these tubes for microwave mode, and the results show an improvement in the maximum absorption and the bandwidth of adequate absorption.

6. Thermal properties

All nanotubes are generally considered to be good thermal conductors, exhibiting the property of ballistic conduction.


Crystallographic defect affects the material properties of any material and the defect is due to the presence of atomic vacancies and such defects can reduce the tensile strength of the material to about 85%. The Strong Wells defect creates a pentagon and a heptagon by rearranging the bonds. The tensile strength of carbon nanotubes depends on the weakest segment. The crystallographic defect also affects the electrical properties of the tubes by reducing the conductivity. The crystallographic defect also affects the thermal conductivity of the tubes, leading to phonon scattering that reduces the mean free path.


Nanotubes are widely used to make the tips of atomic force microscope probes. They are also used in tissue engineering, acting as a scaffold for bone growth. Their potential strength helps them be used as a filler to increase the tensile strength of other nanotubes. Their mechanical property helps them to be used in the production of clothing, sports jackets and space elevators. They are also used in making electric circuits, cables and wires.

Source by Navodita Maurice

You cannot buy Samsung cell phone covers at the Apple Store

You could be forgiven for assuming that the best place to buy iPod and iPhone accessories is the Apple Store. After all, Apple spends an incredible amount of money on marketing to make sure you buy everything from their retail outlets. However, the Apple Store has not one but two Achilles’ heels. First of all, they don’t carry third party product accessories, it’s strictly a one trick pony; so if you’re looking for a new case for your iPod along with LG cell phone covers, you’ll have to look elsewhere. A spare charger for your Blackberry? Not very likely, don’t even think about shopping for Samsung cell phone covers at one of those fancy glass outlets or the web store. Apple’s other weakness is pricing. Because its customers are essentially captive (or at least many of them act like they are), the Apple Store rarely offers sale prices.

We recently compared offers and prices for a range of Apple product accessories at the Apple Store and another popular web retailer. First, we shopped for iPod Touch band cases, an ever-popular jogging accessory. At Apple, they start at $29.95, but an alternative retailer has a similar model on sale for under $24. We thought it might be interesting to pick a common accessory for the latest iPod Nano and settled on the Apple Docking Connector USB Cable, the part that iPod users seem to lose most often. The Apple Store currently lists it at $19, which seemed reasonable until we checked the other site and found that they offer Apple’s OEM cable for less than ten bucks. Finally, we looked at iPod Mini accessories, but it wasn’t a fair comparison because the Apple Store doesn’t have any. Ironic, right? And it goes without saying that shopping for anything else, like HTC replacement batteries or LG cell phone covers, will be a short and unsuccessful trip to the Apple Store.

One last thing to keep in mind: While other online retailers offer free shipping on orders over $40, Apple’s online store requires you to spend $50 or you’ll pay shipping costs.

The bottom line is that there are web retailers that offer accessories for a wide range of products, including but not limited to Apple’s popular iPhones, iPods, and MacBooks, along with products for multiple cell phone and smartphone manufacturers. Samsung mobile phone cases, Bluetooth headsets compatible with many phones, memory cards, screen protectors, laptop cases, LG mobile phone cases and Blackberry chargers, all in one place at competitive prices. They also carry the new iPhone 4 accessories including the special designs to rock your Apple iPhone 4. So don’t go overboard with Apple products because there are better options out there!

Source by Daniel Flemmings

SOTX Badminton Rackets – Yonex Rival?

SOTX badminton rackets are a relatively new name in the badminton world, but they are growing rapidly in China. They have now entered the UK and US market, selling a wide range of badminton equipment such as rackets, shuttlecocks, bags, clothing and shoes. SOTX was established in China in 2002 and now has many outlets in many major Chinese cities. SOTX has also expanded globally, into 20 other countries, and is extremely active in promoting the sport of badminton. This can only be good for our sport, the extra competition doesn’t hurt anyone and can help keep costs down for those buying badminton rackets.

I guess it was inevitable that a big badminton racket company would emerge in China, the only mystery is that it didn’t happen to me sooner. Yonex is the most successful manufacturer in the Far East, selling millions of rackets every year. However, SOTX seems to be making a big impact and is already eating into market share. This rapid growth led to the emergence of SOTX Badminton in the West, in the UK and in the USA.

There are nine ranges in the SOTX series, and the flagship missiles are the CP series, which stands for Commax Power or circular power. These racquets are made from high modulus carbon and also feature a new technology exclusive to SOTX, force pro nano. Force pro nano technology is designed to minimize vibrations that can cause injury and strain to the wrist, arm and shoulder muscles. The CP Series is designed to withstand higher string tensions, up to 31lbs. This tension causes excessive vibration in normal badminton rackets, but with force pro technology this is no longer the case. The benefit to badminton players can be huge and SOTX seems to be the only current manufacturer offering this protection for players. I guess the only way to know if this technology works is to try it yourself. String your racquet with 31lbs of tension and see if your arm hurts after a few hours of play. The only other problem is finding a string that can take that tension without breaking.

The downside of this engineering is the cost. The range-topping CP 7000 retails for around £109 in the UK and $300 in the US. This puts the SOTX in direct competition with Yonex’s best offerings, which already have a solid reputation for quality and innovation. The CP 7000 is also very stiff which increases vibration and as such is only recommended for experienced players who can get the most out of these types of racquets.

At these prices I think it will be difficult for SOTX to sell many racquets, but over time, as their reputation grows and more online retailers stock their products, the prices will drop to more reasonable levels, in line with most of the competition. The rest of the CP range is the 6000 which is a bit more flexible, the 5000 which is even more flexible and lighter, right up to the CP 1000 and even this entry level racquet will set you back around £60.

Things get even more expensive with the SOTX Woven range. The Woven 16 costs a whopping £129.99… gulp. It is developed from high-quality carbon fiber and glass fiber, which makes it more stable and easier to control. It can also stretch to high voltages, but it doesn’t have the force pro technology, so you will most likely feel all the vibrations at high voltages. Target arm and shoulder injuries. There are 9 other racquets in this range which are very similar and the bottom of the range is the Woven-2i which is still £49.99.

The SOTX Diamond Fighter range is made from a special memory alloy that reduces the aging process of the racket. I don’t know how this works, but it looks very similar to the Yonex ArcSabre range.

There is also a super light range which, as the name suggests, offers very light rackets, down to just 75 grams, which is in direct competition with the Karakal badminton equipment, only the SOTX is more expensive. The choice is yours…

SOTX seems to be the new kid on the block and the more established brands may be under threat. The main hurdle for SOTX badminton rackets is gaining an honest reputation for quality and durability, and only time will tell if they are successful.

Source by Antony Cassidy

How to Download Ipod Games – 4 Simple Tips

Before I wrote this article, I was sitting on my porch enjoying the afternoon sun while playing Me and My Katmari on my Ipod. Now I love downloading games for the Ipod, but until recently I didn’t even know you could download games to your Ipod until my friend John showed me how.

Now I want to spread the joy of Ipod gaming to everyone!

So, here’s how to download games for Ipod:

1. Go to the Ipod game download site of your choice.

2. Select a game to download.

3. Download the Ipod game using the converter provided on the site.

4. Have fun playing the game you just downloaded on your iPod Mini, iPod Nano or video iPod.

It is!

There are so many Ipod games to choose from: Sports, Puzzle, Action, Strategy, Adventure, Driving, Simulation and RPG.

My favorite game is Me and My Katamari. Other popular games that you can download include: Castle Quest, Pursuit Force, Daxter, Grand Theft Auto: Liberty City Stories. Or how about Siphon Filter: Dark Mirror and Tom Clancy’s Splinter Cell Essentials? Two popular fighting games are Fight Night: Round 3 and Dragon Ball Z: Shin Budokai. If you like trivia, you can download Simpsons Trivia or Family Guy Trivia – or both!

These games are just the tip of the iceberg. With so many Ipod games to download, you are spoiled for choice. Of course, you can always download ALL the games for the Ipod. This is sure to keep you busy for a while!

Source by Jessica Smith